条件不利地域における試作開発型企業の成立と地域的基盤 : 長野県上伊那地域を事例として

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URI http://repository.center.wakayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/3249
フルテキストURL
DOI[info:doi/]
本文言語
日本語
区分
和歌山大学
掲載誌名
経済理論
ISSN
04516222
NCID
AN00071425
388
並び順
02
開始ページ
21
終了ページ
43
発行日
2017-06-01
標題(和)
条件不利地域における試作開発型企業の成立と地域的基盤 : 長野県上伊那地域を事例として
標題(ヨミ)
標題(欧)
Formation of Innovative SMEs and Their Local Conditions in Less Favored Areas : A Case Study of the Kamiina Area in Nagano Prefecture
作成者
著者 藤田 和史
チョシャ フジタ カズフミ
Author Fujita Kazufumi
所属 和歌山大学経済学部
Affiliate Faculty of Economics, Wakayama University
キーワード(和)
試作開発
条件不利地域
上伊那地域
キーワード(欧)
R&D
less favoured area
Kamiina area
資料タイプ
紀要論文
抄録(欧)

In recent years the production systems of Japan’s manufacturing companies have gained knowledge- and technology-intensive features. This tendency has extended from metropolitan to rural areas. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the formation of innovative SMEs in rural areas from the viewpoint of interfirm networks. This study takes the innovative SMEs in the Kamiina area of Nagano Prefecture as examples of the transformation of small and medium-sized manufacturing firms in nonmetropolitan areas or rural areas with a concentration of industry.
Innovative SMEs have formed and grown with the transformation of the production systems of Japan’s manufacturing industry. In the hope of breaking away from subcontracting work and expanding their business opportunities, innovative SMEs began to add new lines of work, such as experimental production or the development of original products and technologies. These changes occurred in the early 1990s in the Suwa area and in the 1980s and 1990s in the Kamiina area.
Interfirm networks enabled them to create an innovative basis with highly skilled and original work and sophisticated knowledge. Production networks, which comprised the outside-order network and equipment purchase network, differ in each area and each function. Outside-order networks indicate strong mutual relations with the neighboring Suwa area. In particular, significant relations are indicated with the sampled mechanical systems companies in the Kamiina area. On the other hand, the main relations of the sampled electronics companies and press-plating companies in the Kamiina area were with regional and metropolitan areas. This is seen to be a similar tendency on a technical basis as well.
In conclusion, innovative SMEs have grown and developed during the economic evolution of Japan. In this process, the production systems of Japan’s manufacturing industry have changed to knowledge- and technology-based ones. The author suggests that innovative SMEs are the forerunners of the Japanese SMEs in the non-metropolitan area under the globalized economy.

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