The Wakayama economic review 387
2017-03-01 発行

Facially Neutral Policy and Disparate Impact: The Example of Pregnancy Discrimination

表面的中立政策と別異的効果 : 妊娠女性への差別を例に
FullText File
DOI
Language
jpn
Start Page
63
End Page
79
Keywords
表面的中立政策
別異的効果
妊娠女性に対する差別
Keywords Alternative
Facially Neutral Policy
Disparate Impact
Pregnancy Discrimination
Abstract Alternative
This article analyzes pregnancy discrimination, including the US Supreme Court's recent decision in the Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc. case. The article explains the disparate treatment theory for pregnant women, the court's decisions, the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission's guidance, and the legislative history of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act. It concludes that the disparate impact theory can mandate employers to provide accommodations to women affected by pregnancy.
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