Tourism Studies 22
2020-03-23 発行

Tourist Attraction in Budapest and its Suburbs : Focusing on UNESCO World Heritage Sites

ブダペスト及びその近郊における観光資源 : 世界遺産を中心として
ONO, Kenkichi Faculty of Tourism
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Keywords Alternative
UNESCO world heritage
Danube Bent
commanding height
Abstract Alternative
Budapest is a capital of Hungary and the largest city in the country, housing 1,750,000 populations. The city is mainly composed of two areas; Buda district on the western bank of the Danube River and Pest district on its eastern bank. Assets composing UNESCO world heritage site, “Budapest, including the Banks of Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue” are literally located in both districts of Buda and Pest, and the Danube. They are diverse from the standpoint of history and geology. For example, Buda castle and Máytás church on the hilly Buda area have their origin in the 13th and the 15th centuries, and Andrássy Avenue and the Millennium Underground Railway were constructed in the late 19th century in the flat Pest district on the other hand. Some tourist attractions are found in the suburbs of Budapest. In the Danube Bent to the north of Budapest, Visegrad where royal palace was built in the 15th century and Szentendre which used to be a Serbian settlement are popular among tourists. Hollókő located to the 100 km north-east of Budapest is a small traditional Palócz settlement and is a UNESCO world heritage site. Through conducting a field work at major historic attractions of Budapest and its suburbs, this study observed that the commanding heights which used to be the viewpoints of rulers have transformed into popular viewpoints which also attract tourists. From the standpoint of traffic system, needless to say, public traffic services such as train , trams and buses play important role as a whole.
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