Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Wakayama University. Educational science 57
2007-02-28 発行

A Study on Tendency of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Self Esteem in Elementary School Children

松本 陽子
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We tried to clear a system of self-esteem which ADHD suspects have and factors which are declined the self-esteem by investigating the self-esteem of ADHD suspect in elementary school students. At first, we asked homeroom teachers to send out two types of questionnaires to third grade and fifth grade students in the W city. The first questionnaire was called (1) ADHD RS-IV-J, which told us what the ADHD suspect is, and we got 1195 answers. In the self-esteem, we used the -second questionnaire, which was called (2) self-esteem scale. We got this questionnaire's key from the Pope, A. W.'s self-esteem scale and got 1162 answers from the second questionnaire'. About ADHD suspect, from the criteria of the 'DSM-IV, we decided that the people who got high scores in the DSM-IV were ADHD suspects. According to the first questionnaires, there were three types in the ADHD suspects : an attention deficit type, a hyperactive type, and a mixed type which had the attention deficit type and the hyperactive type. The attention deficit type suspects were 23, the hyperactive type suspects were 3, and the mixed type suspects were 17. About the self-esteem, we compared an ADHD suspects' group with a non-ADHD suspects' group in total scores of the second questionnaires and a lower standard which was composed from "body image, " "family, " "study, " "hope" and "friend.", We got the lower standard from the results of a factor analysis and the two questionnaires. According to a result of the comparison, an ADHD suspects' group had low total scores of the self-esteem in significant differences and had low scores of a part of the lower standard : "study, " "family, " and "friend, " in significant differences. However, in parts of the lower standard : "body image" and "hope, " there were no differences. As a result, the ADHD suspects had low self-esteem, compared to the non-ADHD suspects. Also, it was clear that the ADHD suspects had low self-esteem in parts of the lower standard : "study, " "family, " and "friend."
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